Distinguished Flying Cross

Awarded to all ranks of the RN, RM, Army and RAF in recognition of exemplary gallantry during

active operation against the enemy in the air

Distinguished Flying Cross

Medal:


A cross flory, in silver, the horizontal and base bars terminating in bombs,

the upper bar in a rose.


Obverse:

This cross is surmounted by another, composed of aeroplane propellers,

charged in the center with a roundel within a laurel leaf

from which two wings stretch across the horizontal bars.

At the centre of the roundel is the RAF monogram surmounted by the Imperial Crown.


Reverse:

The reverse of the cross has at its centre an encircled Royal Cypher above the year '1918'.

The year of the award was engraved on the back. At the bottom within a border four heraldic lions.


Bars:


The reverse of the cross has at its centre an encircled Royal Cypher above the year '1918'.

The year of the award was engraved on the back.


Mounting:


A straight bar has two springs of laurel at the bottom which form a slot for a linking ring to attach it to

the small ring at the top of the medal.



Ribbon:


The ribbon is 1¼ inches wide, and consists of alternating violet and white stripes (0.125 inches wide) leaning to the left at 45 degrees

from the vertical.


Awarded to:


All ranks of the RN, RM, Army and RAF in recognition of exemplary gallantry during active operations against the enemy in the air.


History:


Instituted in 1918, the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) was issued for acts of valour while flying in operations against the enemy.

To warrant officers and officers of the Royal Air Force.  It was later made available to equivalent ranks in the Royal Navy and Army

for acts of valour in the air.

The equivalent award for the other ranks for acts of valour in the air on operations against the enemy was

the Distinguished Flying Medal (DFM), instituted at the same time as the DFC and which was also later made available to other ranks

of the Royal Navy and Army.


Following the 1993 review, the DFM was discontinued and the DFC became available to all ranks of all services for exemplary gallantry

in the air in presence of the enemy.

It is at a level below the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross and is at the equivalent level to the Distinguished Service Cross

(for exemplary gallantry at sea) and the Military Cross (for exemplary gallantry on land).

©Crown Copyright/MOD 2008